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Chavka Folman-Raban, Jewish Partisan Who Called for Revolt Against Israeli Occupation, Dies

chavka folman raban

Chavka Folman-Raban as a prisoner in Auschwitz

Last year, I wrote a post about an amazing talk delivered by Chavka Folman-Raban in the midst of Israel’s social justice protest. She was a founder of the famed Israeli kibbutz, Lohamey Ha’Getaot (“Fighters of the Ghetto”). Before she made aliyah, she had been a partisan in the Polish Jewish resistance who’d survived the Warsaw ghetto uprising by crawling out of the sewers with the last of those who escaped.

She’d lost none of her commitment to social justice in the years that followed, as can be seen from this speech she delivered at the Kibbutz on the 70th anniversary of Warsaw ghetto rebellion:

There is a unity in this commemoration–70 years since the [Warsaw Ghetto] Rebellion. We’re also nearing the end of the Shoah generation and the last of the [ghetto] fighters. Most of you in front of me, you are the generations of continuity: the second, third and fourth generations. I have mixed emotions and thoughts about the past, present, and future.

I will tell you about one experience from that time. Spring 1942. I was a courier for an underground operation. I arrived to visit my friend from the youth movement, Dror Bachrubishov, in occupied eastern Poland very close to the Nazis.

I stood in the small railroad station and from the window I could make out, on a field next to the railroad tracks, a great multitude, thousands of men, women, and children. Overseeing them were Germans running wild on horseback. A few meters from me, through the window, I saw four boys digging a hole. The soldiers shot them and they fell into it. The next morning the field was empty. At night, the trains had gone on their way: to the camps, to death.

chavka folman raban

Chavka Folman Raban

These were the moments at which I understood and which I feared: this is the beginning of the end. This is the Shoah. With this terrible truth, I returned to the Warsaw ghetto, to my family which remained there, to my comrades.

The [Warsaw Ghetto] rebellion became for us [at that moment] necessary and clear. We continued educational activities and seminars, the underground school and newspapers. It was important to strengthen the sad, dying ghetto youth.

But at this point, it became most important to find weapons sources. The deportation of 300,000 Warsaw Jews to Treblinka in the summer of 1942 strengthened us and determined for us that the last battle–the armed rebellion–neared. That it must break out.

On April 19 1943, seventy years ago, the first rebellion in occupied Europe broke out–the Jewish rebellion. I wasn’t part of it. As a courier, I had been arrested during resistance operations in Kharkov and had been brought to Auschwitz a number of months earlier.

All of my nearest, most beloved comrades fought from the rooftops, in the fires, from the bunkers. Most of them perished. I hurts me that I can no longer remember all their names. We memorialize only a few. But in my heart I am not parted from them, from the forgotten.

Leave in your hearts and memories a place for them, younger generations. For the beautiful and bold, so young, who fell in the last battle. I wish for the thousands of you before me, lives enriched with love, beauty, laughter, and meaning.

Continue the rebellion. A different rebellion of the here and now against evil, even the evil befalling our own and only beloved country. Rebel against racism and violence and hatred of those who are different. Against inequality, economic gaps, poverty, greed and corruption.

Strengthen humanistic education and values of ethics and justice. These too are [a form of] rebellion against alcoholism among our youth and the terrible phenomenon of attacks against the elderly.

Rebel against the Occupation. No–it is forbidden for us to rule over another people, to oppress another [people]. The most important thing is to achieve peace and an end to the cycle of blood[letting]. My generation dreamed of peace. I so want to achieve it. You have the power to help. All my hopes are with you. If only [you could].

Chavka died on January 9th, one day before another considerably more infamous Israeli, Ariel Sharon, died.  She was 89 years old (Sharon was 85) and one of onlyi seven remaining survivors of the Warsaw ghetto uprising.  Her life is far more worthy of honor and commemoration than his.  As Jews, as human beings we cannot be any prouder of someone of her moral fiber and stature.  Israel, I am sorry to say, is no longer a place that produces many Jews like her.  This is a Hebrew language documentary of her life produced by the Kibbutz.

H/t to Eitan Altman.

{ 10 comments… add one }
  • Oui January 13, 2014, 1:25 AM

    Timely, on road forward to fascism …

    Bill stipulating that use of Nazi symbols, nicknames would draw fine, imprisonment goes to Knesset for approval

    1. Unbelievable
    This is truly unbelievable. As horrific as the events of the holocaust were, free speech is being infringed. This is a sign of weakness by Israeli leaders. There is no need to criminalize hate speech. In America if someone makes hate speech there is no need to criminalize, the private market handles it on its own and racists are shunned by society.
    Mike LA , CA (01.13.14)

    2. Censorship is fascism
    This legislation is misguided and would restrict the activity of every citizen, not of people who affiliate with the Nazi regime. This form of censorship reeks of the fascism that this misguided minister is trying to censor! Theater productions, educational activities, and other public events would be stifled and awareness of the brutal, horrific acts of the Nazi party on Jews and others would be needlessly and harmfully restricted. How about a law restricting discriminatory policies and activities instead?
    Devorah , United States (01.13.14)

    Seems to me PM Netanyahu will be most effected by a new law!

    • pabelmont January 13, 2014, 9:37 AM

      THis new law, if enacted, would not — I darwe say — forbid the remembrance of the holocaust, itself a sort of Nazi emblem.

  • Damien Flinter January 13, 2014, 2:21 AM

    Thanks for reproducing that, Richard.
    I’ve shared it forward.
    She eclipses the false warrior Sharon…and will in time.

  • yankel January 13, 2014, 5:32 AM

    Though heavily involved with those preparing for the later uprising and continuously serving as their courier across occupied Poland, Chavka Folman hasn’t actually participated in the ghetto uprising, as by then she had long been interned in Auschwitz, having been sent there under her Polish guise.

  • Deïr Yassin January 13, 2014, 2:06 PM

    That famed kibbutz Lohanei HaGeta’ot that Chavka Folman-Raban founded is in fact situated right on top of a Palestinian village destroyed during the Nakba. I wonder if Chavka Folman-Raban ever spoke about that occupation ?
    Al-Sumayriyya, 5 kilometres north of Akka (in the Arab state according to the Partition Plan) was attacked by the Carmeli Brigade on May 14th 1948, and totally destroyed, except the mosque. The famous aqueduct built during the Ottoman Era bringing water into Akka runs close to the kibbutz (at least they didn’t destroy that). The inhabitants of al-Sumayriyya mostly live in Ain Al-Hilweh refugee camp in Lebanon.
    http://www.palestineremembered.com/Acre/al-Sumayriyya/Picture87368.html Next photo: the aqueduct

    • Oui January 13, 2014, 3:30 PM

      Lohamei HaGeta’ot

      Alongside the kibbutz are the extensive remains of an aqueduct which supplied water to Acre some 6 km away, until 1948. The aqueduct was originally built at the end of the 18th century by Jezzar Pasha, the Ottoman ruler of Acre, but was completely rebuilt by his son, Suleiman, in 1814.

      “Israel too has a long history of research into, and use of both chemical and biological weapons. This goes all the way back to the State’s founding in 1948. In the tense lead-up to the War, Israeli forces introduced typhus and dysentery into the water systems of Acre and Gaza, resulting in numerous illnesses and deaths.”

      “For further historical research and documentation, read Avner Cohen’s seminal essay, Israel and Chemical-Biological Weapons. Cohen is the world’s leading academic historian of Israel’s WMD programs.”
      [Source: Tikun Olam]

      Ben Gurion ordered the creation of Israel’s first chemical and biological weapons lab. It was housed in an abandoned Palestinian villa in Ness Ziona. The local Palestinians fled during the Nakba and the military commandeered the grounds to create the new facility. The lab’s first director was Ephraim Katzir, who eventually became Israel’s fourth president.

  • Dieter Heymann January 13, 2014, 3:10 PM

    I do not want to compare the so-called February Staking (Strike) of 1941 in Amsterdam with the uprising of the Warsaw Ghetto. Their scopes and durations were vastly different. However, that strike was one of the earliest uprisings in a German-occupied nation. It was a protest against the new anti-Jewish laws promulgated by the occupation.

    • Richard Silverstein January 14, 2014, 12:08 AM

      @ Dieter Heymann: Thanks, Dieter. Are you aware of my friend, Mark Klempner’s book, The Heart Has Reasons, about five non-Jewish Dutch Righteous Gentiles who saved Jews and risked their lives to do so?

  • Howard Cort July 27, 2014, 9:26 AM

    THANKS for the Heymann book reference. I think a growung number of should begin researching alternative possible approaches to coexstence, as Mark Levine has done.

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